Invalidating environment marsha linehan
Borderline personality disorder is an illness of young people, and usually begins in adolescence or youth. BPD is usually chronic, and severe problems often continue to be present for many years.
About one out of ten patients eventually succeed in committing suicide.
Similar characteristics can also be found in the close relatives of patients with BPD.
Research suggests that the impulsivity that characterizes borderline personality might be associated with decreased serotonin activity in the brain.
Most often, borderline patients present to psychiatrists with repetitive suicidal attempts.
We often see these patients in the emergency room, coming in with an overdose or a slashed wrist following a disappointment or a quarrel.
Interpersonal relationships in BPD are particularly unstable.
Typically, borderline patients have serious problems with boundaries.
Of these, Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is the most frequent in clinical practice.
As in most mental disorders, no single factor explains its development.
Rather, multiple risk factors, which can be biological, psychological, or social, play a role in its etiology.
The biological factors in BPD probably consist of inborn temperamental abnormalities.
Impulsivity and emotional instability are unusually intense in these patients, and these traits are known to be heritable.